No matter what specialization you choose in Teaching and Education, get ready for a career with endless variety. From teaching new classes of students every year, to developing new curricula based on technological advances, constant learning and adapting are major elements of this field.

The types of careers that you might choose in Teaching and Education can loosely be organized into four categories – some of which also contain several subfields.

Read on to learn more about the different specializations in Teaching and Education, or head here to get a broader picture of the field.


From preschool to Ph.D. candidates, teachers guide students through their educational process. If you want to develop relationships with students and have a real impact on their lives, this could be a great career for you.

Teachers usually specialize in a particular grade level, like elementary school or high school. And within those age groups, they often choose a particular subject area to teach. These could include subjects like English, math, art, physical education, or countless other subjects.

And beyond age groups and subject areas, there are several more specializations in teaching, including:


If you want to help students develop the life skills they need to be successful in school and in their future careers, you might enjoy working as a school counselor.

Working with students in elementary, middle school, or high school, school counselors offer guidance in preparing for college or the workforce.

This career is technically categorized as a branch of counseling and psychology, but counselors often see themselves as teachers or educators, and they play an important role in the schools.


Beyond just tending to students’ needs, educational institutions need competent administrators in order to run smoothly.

School administrators can work as elementary, middle, and high school principals, or overseeing departments in colleges and universities.

Schools in higher education tends to have more robust administrative staff than K-12 schools, because colleges and universities are so much larger and have to fulfill so many more functions. Some of the administration specializations in colleges and universities might include:

  • Admissions: recruiting students and deciding who will be admitted
  • Registrar: keeping records like class schedules and student transcripts
  • Student affairs: campus life, housing and athletics
  • Deans and provosts: manage faculty and oversee academic departments


If you enjoy helping people access information, organizing materials and providing customer service, you might like working as an academic librarian or school librarian.

Both types of librarians help students learn how to use library resources and to conduct their own research. Academic librarians may find themselves working with faculty and staff, helping them to find resources for their own work. And school librarians sometimes help teachers to develop lesson plans and find materials.

To work as a librarian, you will need a master’s degree in library science. And if you work in a setting like a public school, you may be required to obtain a state teaching license or other certification.

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