What Kinds of Degrees Are Available in Science and Engineering?

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People often think of Science and Engineering as fields that require years and years of study. The truth is, that’s not always the case.

The enormous variety of jobs in Science and Engineering means that there are lots of different ways to get into a great career. You can get a great job with an associate degree, or you can go on to an advanced degree if you want to work in research or academia.

Ready to learn more? Here are a few examples of what you can do with the different degrees in Science and Engineering, or learn more on our homepage for Science & Engineering.

Associate Degrees

If you don’t want to wait long to get started in your Science and Engineering career, you could find a great job with an associate degree. These two-year programs are designed to prepare you to enter the workforce in your career of choice.

One job title that you could hold with this degree is nuclear technician. With a median annual salary of $79,140, this is one of the highest-paying careers for graduates of associate degree programs.

In this career, you would work in nuclear research or energy production, assisting engineers and physicists. Part of the reason that this job pays so well is that it involves a high level of responsibility – you’d operate special equipment and monitor radiation levels in order to ensure the safety of everyone working in your facility.

Bachelor’s Degrees

In a bachelor’s degree program, you will typically spend about four years studying courses in your major to get a solid foundation for your future career. Along with your major’s classes, you will take a variety of general education courses.

And with a bachelor’s degree, you could be eligible to work as an aerospace engineer. In this role, you’d design technology that’s meant to be used in the atmosphere or in space – think missiles, airplanes, or satellites.

Not only would you get to work with all of the cool equipment in this job, you’d also be well compensated for your work. The median salary for aerospace engineers is $109,650 per year.

Master’s Degrees

After you complete your bachelor’s degree, if you want to develop your expertise in a Science and Engineering specialization, a master’s degree could be the way to go. These programs generally take two to three years to complete, and will allow you to focus on a particular area of study.

For example, if you find biology and health fascinating, a master’s degree could lead to a job as an epidemiologist.

You would study negative health issues that affect large populations, like infectious diseases, substance abuse, and injuries, and develop programs to prevent and treat them. With a median annual salary of $70,820, this is another great specialization to study.

Doctoral Degrees

Scientists and engineers who pursue doctoral degrees are able to enter several different career paths. They can go on to work in academia, teaching college courses, or they could do corporate research and development. The U.S. government also hires Ph.D. graduates to work in a variety of Science and Engineering initiatives.

Biochemists and biophysicists usually hold doctoral degrees, and they study biological processes like heredity and cell development. With a Ph.D. in this field, you might accept a position working for a college or university, a pharmaceutical company, or a consulting service.

The median salary for biochemists and biophysicists is $82,180 per year, and the highest earners might make as much as $158,410.

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